"The existence in our midst of computers does not mean, as some fondly suppose, that mathematicians [and others] no longer have to think---they have to think harder than ever."

---Hugh Nibley, *The Message of the Joseph Smith Papyri: An Egyptian Endowment*

# Creating graphs in SPSS/PASW (under construction)

WARNING: Many of these pages only give instructions for SPSS versions 12 through 14. If you are using version 15 or later, try the "Legacy Dialogs" in the "Graphs" menu.

**Graphs for univariate data**

** Graphs for nominal data**

**Bar graphs**: See the instructions for frequency tables and

graphs for nominal data (click here).

**Pareto charts**: Click here.

** Pie charts**: See the instructions for frequency tables and

graphs for nominal data (click here).

** Graphs for ordinal data**

** Bar graphs**: See the instructions for frequency tables and

graphs for ordinal data (click here).

**Boxplots and box-and-whiskers plots**: Click here.

**Dotplots**: Click here

** Pareto charts**: Click here.

** Pie charts**: See the instructions for frequency tables and

graphs for ordinal data (click here).

** Graphs for numeric (scale) data**

** Bar graphs**: If your data are discrete, see the instructions for bar graphs (click here).

Otherwise, use a histogram (see below).

**Box plots and box-and-whiskers plots**: Click here.

**Dotplots**: Click here.

Error bars plots

**Histograms**: Click here.

**Histograms-with-Normal curve**: Click here.

Line graphs

Normal probability plots

** Pareto charts**: Click here.

Pie charts

**P-P plots**: Click here. (Can be used in place of Normal probability plots)

**Q-Q plots**: Click here. (Can be used in place of Normal probability plots)

Sequence (time) plot

Simultaneous confidence intervals

Stemplots (also known as stem-and-leaf plots)

## Graphs for bivariate data

**Bar graphs for stacked data**: Click here.

Box plots for stacked data

**Clustered bar graphs**: Click here

Histograms for stacked data

Histograms-with-Normal curve for stacked data

**Means plots**: See the instructions for ANOVA (click here).

**Scatterplots**: Click here.