And it came to pass, when the Lord had spoken with Adam, our father, that Adam cried unto the Lord, and he was caught away by the Spirit of the Lord, and was carried down into the water, and was laid under the water, and was brought forth out of the water.
And thus he was baptized, and the Spirit of God descended upon him, and thus he was born of the Spirit, and became quickened in the inner man.
And he heard a voice out of heaven, saying: Thou art baptized with fire, and with the Holy Ghost. This is the record of the Father, and the Son, from henceforth and forever;
And thou art after the order of him who was without beginning of days or end of years, from all eternity to all eternity.
Ezra Taft Benson
our Heavenly Father placed Adam and Eve on this earth, He did so with
the purpose in mind of teaching them how to regain His presence. Our
Father promised a Savior to redeem them from their fallen condition. He
gave to them the plan of salvation and told them to teach their
children faith in Jesus Christ, and repentance. Further, Adam and his
posterity were commanded by God to be baptized, to receive the Holy
Ghost, and to enter into the order of the Son of God. To enter into
the order of the Son of God is the equivalent today of entering into
the fulness of the Melchizedek Priesthood, which is only received in
the house of the Lord.
Three years before Adam's death, a great event occurred. He took his son Seth, his grandson Enos, and other high priests who were his direct-line descendants, with others of his righteous posterity, into a valley called Adam-ondi-Ahman. There Adam gave to these righteous descendants his last blessing.
The Lord then appeared to them.
The vast congregation rose up and blessed Adam and called him Michael, the prince and archangel. The Lord himself declared Adam to be a prince forever over his own posterity.
Then Adam in his aged condition rose up and, being filled with the spirit of prophecy, predicted "whatsoever should befall his posterity unto the [page 9]latest generation." All this is recorded in section 107 of the Doctrine and Covenants (verses 53-56) [D&C 107:53-56].
Prophet Joseph Smith said that Adam blessed his posterity because "he
wanted to bring them into the presence of God." (Teachings of the
Prophet Joseph Smith, sel. Joseph Fielding Smith, Salt Lake City:
Deseret Book Co., 1938, p. 159.)
Here is an illuminating passage from Section 107 of the Doctrine and Covenants which tells us how Adam was able to bring himself and his righteous posterity into God's presence:
"The order of this priesthood was confirmed to be handed down from father to son, and tightly belongs to the literal descendants of the chosen seed, to whom the promises were made.
"This order was instituted in the days of Adam, and came down by lineage in [order] … that his posterity should be the chosen of the Lord, and that they should be preserved unto the end of the earth." (D&C 107:40-42; italics added.)
How did Adam bring his descendants into the presence of the Lord?
The answer: Adam and his descendants entered into the priesthood order of God. Today we would say they went to the House of the Lord and received their blessings.
The order of priesthood spoken of in the scriptures is sometimes referred to as the patriarchal order because it came down from father to son.
But this order is otherwise described in modern revelation as an order of family government where a man and woman enter into a covenant with God--just as did Adam and Eve--to be sealed for eternity, to have posterity, and to do the will and work of God throughout their mortality.
If a couple are true to their covenants, they are entitled to the blessing of the highest degree of the celestial kingdom. These covenants today can only be entered into by going to the House of the Lord.