The Three Degrees of Glory in General
General Teachings Concerning
The Three Kingdoms of Glory
James E. Talmage
Graded Glories -- That the privileges and glories of heaven are graded to suit the various capacities of the blessed, is indicated in Christ's teachings. To the apostles He said: "In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also." [John 14:2-3]
This utterance is supplemented by that of Paul, who speaks of graded conditions in the resurrection as follows: "There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory. So also is the resurrection of the dead." [1 Cor. 15:40-42]
A fuller knowledge of this subject has been imparted in the present dispensation. From a revelation given in 1832 [D&C 76] we learn that three great kingdoms or degrees of glory are established, known as the Celestial, the Terrestrial, and the Telestial. Far below the last and least of these, is the state of eternal punishment prepared for the sons of Perdition.
The Celestial Glory is provided for those who merit the highest honors of heaven. In the revelation referred to, we read of them: "They are they who received the testimony of Jesus, and believed on his name and were baptized after the manner of his burial, being buried in the water in his name, and this according to the commandment which he has given -- That by keeping the commandments they might be washed and cleansed from all their sins, and receive the Holy Spirit by the laying on of the hands of him who is ordained and sealed unto this power; And who overcome by faith, and are sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise, which the Father sheds forth upon all those who are just and true. They are they who are the church of the Firstborn. They are they into whose hands the Father has given all things -- -They are they who are priests and kings, who have received of his fulness, and of his glory; And are priests of the Most High, after the order of Melchizedek, which was after the order of Enoch, which was after the order of the Only Begotten Son. Wherefore, as it is written, they are gods, even the sons of God -- Wherefore, all things are theirs, whether life or death, or things present, or things to come, all are theirs and they are Christ's, and Christ is God's. * * * These shall dwell in the presence of God and his Christ forever and ever. These are they whom he shall bring with him, when he shall come in the clouds of heaven to reign on the earth over his people. These are they who shall have part in the first resurrection. These are they who shall come forth in the resurrection of the just. * * * These are they who are just men made perfect through Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, who wrought out this perfect atonement through the shedding of his own blood. These are they whose bodies are celestial, whose glory is that of the sun, even the glory of God, the highest of all, whose glory the sun of the firmament is written of as being typical." [D&C 76:50-70]
The Terrestrial Glory -- This, the next lowest degree, will be attained by many whose works do not merit the highest reward. We read of them: "These are they who are of the terrestrial, whose glory differs from that of the church of the Firstborn who have received the fulness of the Father, even as that of the moon differs from the sun in the firmament. Behold, these are they who died without law; And also they who are the spirits of men kept in prison, whom the Son visited, and preached the gospel unto them, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh; Who received not the testimony of Jesus in the flesh, but afterwards received it. These are they who are honorable men of the earth, who were blinded by the craftiness of men. These are they who receive of his glory, but not of his fulness. These are they who receive of the presence of the Son, but not of the fulness of the Father. Wherefore they are bodies terrestrial, and not bodies celestial, and differ in glory as the moon differs from the sun. These are they who are not valiant in the testimony of Jesus; wherefore, they obtain not the crown over the kingdom of our God." [D&C 76:71-79]
The Telestial Glory -- The revelation continues: "And again, we saw the glory of the telestial, which glory is that of the lesser, even as the glory of the stars differs from that of the glory of the moon in the firmament. These are they who received not the gospel of Christ, neither the testimony of Jesus. These are they who deny not the Holy Spirit. These are they who are thrust down to hell. These are they who shall not be redeemed from the devil until the last resurrection, until the Lord, even Christ the Lamb, shall have finished his work." [D&C 76:81-85] We learn further that the inhabitants of this kingdom are to be graded among themselves, comprising as they do the unenlightened among the varied opposing sects and divisions of men, and sinners of many types, whose offenses are not those of utter perdition: "For as one star differs from another star in glory, even so differs one from another in glory in the telestial world; For these are they who are of Paul, and of Apollos, and of Cephas. These are they who say they are some of one and some of another -- some of Christ, and some of John, and some of Moses, and some of Elias, and some of Esaias, and some of Isaiah, and some of Enoch; But received not the gospel, neither the testimony of Jesus, neither the prophets, neither the everlasting covenant." [D&C 76:98-101] Evidently a considerable part of the human family will fail of all glory beyond that of the telestial kingdom, for we are told: "But behold, and lo, we saw the glory and the inhabitants of the telestial world, that they were as innumerable as the stars in the firmament of heaven, or as the sand upon the seashore." [D&C 76:109] They are thus not wholly rejected; their every merit will be respected. "For they shall be judged according to their works, and every man shall receive according to his own works, his own dominion, in the mansions which are prepared; And they shall be servants of the Most High, but where God and Christ dwell they cannot come, worlds without end." [D&C 76:111-112]
That every soul shall find his place in the hereafter, that he shall be judged and assigned according to what he is, is no less truly scriptural than reasonable. He shall inherit according to his capacity to receive, enjoy, and utilize. This is made sublimely plain by revelation given in 1832, in which we read: "For he who is not able to abide the law of a celestial kingdom cannot abide a celestial glory. And he who cannot abide the law of a terrestrial kingdom cannot abide a terrestrial glory. And he who cannot abide the law of a telestial kingdom cannot abide a telestial glory; therefore he is not meet for a kingdom of glory. Therefore he must abide a kingdom which is not a kingdom of glory." [D&C 88:22-24] (Articles of Faith, pp.405; italics added not for emphasis but clarity in reading)
ascended into the third heavens, and he could understand the three
principal rounds of Jacob's ladder -- the telestial, the terrestrial,
the celestial glories or kingdoms, where Paul saw and heard things
which were not lawful for him to utter. I could explain a hundred fold
than I ever have of the glories of the kingdoms manifested to me in the
vision, were I permitted, and were the people prepared to receive them.
(Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 304)
In My Father's House
are Many Mansions
glory of the telestial is one, even as the glory of the stars is one,
for as one star differs from another star in glory even so differs one
from another in glory in the telestial world.
celestial glory there are three heavens or degrees.
James E. Talmage
John A. Widtsoe
gradations in salvation may be innumerable, since all members of the
human family are different. The many gradations are however
reduced to three classes: (1) the celestial, the highest, as of the sun
in glory; (2) the terrestrial, the next, as of the moon; (3) the
lowest, as of the stars. (Evidences and Reconciliations, p.199)
Bruce R. McConkie
granted individuals in eternity will vary between and within kingdoms.
Only those who are sealed in the new and everlasting covenant
of marriage and who thereafter keep the terms and conditions of that
covenant will attain the highest of three heavens within the celestial
kingdom. (D. & C. 131:1-4.) Inhabitants of the telestial kingdom
will differ in glory among themselves "as one star differs from another
glory." (D. & C. 76:98; 1 Cor. 15:41.) Similar variations will
exist among inheritors of the terrestrial kingdom. (D. & C.
Neal A. Maxwell
differing dramatically in degree, the end results of the atonement of
Jesus Christ include everlasting life in the telestial kingdom, which
still a kingdom of glory. Better still will be the terrestrial kingdom;
and, of course, the most prized of all, the celestial kingdom. (But
for a Small
The Law We Live Determines
the Kingdom of Glory
22 For he who is not able to abide the law of a celestial kingdom cannot abide a celestial glory.
23 And he who cannot abide the law of a terrestrial kingdom cannot abide a terrestrial glory.
24 And he
who cannot abide the law of a telestial kingdom cannot abide a
telestial glory; therefore he is not meet for a kingdom of glory.
Therefore he must abide a kingdom which is not a kingdom of glory.
This is the
plan of salvation. Jesus will never cease his work until all are
brought up to the enjoyment of a kingdom in the mansions of his Father,
where there are many kingdoms and many glories, to suit the works and
faithfulness of all men that have lived on the earth. Some will obey
celestial law and receive of its glory, some will abide the terrestrial
and some the telestial, and others will receive no glory. (Discourses
Brigham Young, p.56)
Joseph Fielding Smith
the purpose of the Almighty to save all mankind, and all will enter
into his kingdoms in some degree of glory, except sons of perdition who
sin beyond the power of repentance and redemption, and therefore cannot
receive forgiveness of sins. All the rest shall be saved, but not
with the same degree of glory or exaltation. Every man will be judged
according to his works, his opportunities for receiving the truth, and
intent of his heart. (Doctrines of Salvation, 2:21; emphasis
We are told
that if we cannot abide the law of the celestial kingdom we cannot
inherit a celestial glory. Is not that doctrine? Yes. "But," says one,
"are not we all going into the celestial kingdom?" I think not, unless
we turn round and mend our ways very materially. It is only those who
abide a celestial glory and obey a celestial law that will be prepared
to enter a celestial kingdom. "Well," says another, "are the others
be burned up?" No. "Do you expect everybody to walk according to this
higher law?" No, I do not. And do I expect those that do not are going
into the celestial kingdom? No, I do not. "Well, where will they go?"
If they are tolerably good men and do not do anything very bad, they
into a terrestrial kingdom, and if there are some that cannot abide a
terrestrial law, they may get into a telestial kingdom, or otherwise,
case may be. (The Gospel Kingdom, p.20)
[This is a controversial subject. But here are some of what the Brethren have taught.]
But except a
man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. This eternal truth
settles the question of all men's religion. A man may be
saved, after the judgment, in the terrestrial kingdom, or in the
telestial kingdom, but he can never see the celestial kingdom of God,
being born of water and the Spirit. He may receive a glory like unto
the moon, (i.e., of which the light of the moon is typical), or a star,
which the light of the stars is typical), but he can never come unto
Mount Zion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly
to an innumerable company of angels; to the general assembly and church
of the Firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the judge of
all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, and to Jesus the
Mediator of the new covenant, unless he becomes as a little child, and
by the Spirit of God. (Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith,
George Albert Smith
some people who have supposed that if we are quickened telestial bodies
that eventually, throughout the ages of eternity, we will
continue to progress until we will find our place in the celestial
kingdom, but the scriptures and revelations of God have said that those
quickened telestial bodies cannot come where God and Christ dwell,
worlds without end. (Conference Report, October 1945, p.172)
Spence W. Kimball
person has been assigned to his place in the kingdom, either in the
telestial, the terrestrial, or the celestial, or to his exaltation, he
never advance from his assigned glory to another glory. That is
eternal! That is why we must make our decisions early in life and why
imperative that such decisions be right. (The Teachings of Spencer
W. Kimball, p.50; The Miracle of Forgiveness, p.243-244)
Joseph Fielding Smith
It has been asked if it is possible for one who inherits the telestial glory to advance in time to the celestial glory?
The answer to this question is, No!
The scriptures are clear on this point. Speaking of those who go to the telestial kingdom, the revelation says: "And they shall be servants of the Most High; but where God and Christ dwell they cannot come, worlds without end."
Notwithstanding this statement, those who do not comprehend the word of the Lord argue that while this is true, that they cannot go where God is "worlds without end," yet in time they will get where God was, but he will have gone on to other heights.
This is false reasoning, illogical, and creates mischief in making people think they may procrastinate their repentance, but in course of time they will reach exaltation in celestial glory.
Now let us see how faulty this reasoning is. If in time those who enter the telestial glory may progress till they reach the stage in which the celestial is in now -- then they are in celestial glory, are they not, even if the celestial has advanced? That being the case (I state this for the argument only, for it is not true), then they partake of all the blessings which are now celestial. That means that they become gods, have exaltation, gain the fulness of the Father, and receive a continuation of the "seeds forever." The Lord, however, has said that these blessings, which are celestial blessings, they may never have; they are barred forever!
celestial and terrestrial and telestial glories, I have heard compared
to the wheels on a train. The second and third may, and will, reach the
place where the first was, but the first will have moved on and will
still be just the same distance in advance of them. This illustration
is not true!
The wheels do not run on the same track, and do not go in the same
direction. The terrestrial and the telestial are limited in their
advancement, worlds without end. (Doctrines of Salvation,
James E. Talmage
The Lord has told us of places
prepared for those entitled to salvation. He has told us that those who
will keep all the laws and commandments of God can come where he is and
shall be heirs of celestial glory and power. And he has told us of
lesser degrees unto which others who have failed to rise to the
occasion of laying hold on the blessing of eternal life, in its
fulness, shall come; and concerning the last of these kingdoms of
glories, known to us as the Telestial, the Lord has said that it excels
all that the human mind can conceive in glory, and yet the one in the
Telestial Kingdom is condemned so far as his actions have rendered him
incapable of attaining to the higher glories and blessings which mean
power and advancement. (Conference Report, April 1930,
Bruce R. McConkie
Heresy five: There are those who say that there is progression from one kingdom to another in the eternal worlds or that lower kingdoms eventually progress to where higher kingdoms once were.
This belief lulls men into a state of carnal security. It causes them to say, "God is so merciful; surely he will save us all eventually; if we do not gain the celestial kingdom now, eventually we will; so why worry?"
It lets people live a life of sin here and now with the hope that they will be saved eventually.
The true doctrine is that all men will be resurrected, but they will come forth in the resurrection with different kinds of bodies - some celestial, others terrestrial, others telestial, and some with bodies incapable of standing any degree of glory. The body we receive in the resurrection determines the glory we receive in the kingdoms that are prepared.
Of those in the telestial world it is written:
"And they shall be servants of the Most High, but where God and Christ dwell they cannot come, worlds without end" (D&C 76:112).
Of those who had the opportunity to enter into the new and everlasting covenant of marriage in this life and who did not do it the revelation says:.
Therefore, when they are out of the world they neither marry nor are given in marriage; but are appointed angels in heaven; which angels are ministering servants, to minister for those who are worthy of a far more, and an exceeding, and an eternal weight of glory.
For these angels did not abide my law; therefore, they cannot be enlarged, but remain separately and singly, without exaltation, in their saved condition, to all etemity; and from henceforth are not gods, but are angels of God forever and ever. [D&C 132:16-17]
86 These are they who receive not of his fulness in the eternal world, but of the Holy Spirit through the ministration of the terrestrial;
87 And the terrestrial through the ministration of the celestial.
88 And also the telestial receive it of the administering of angels who are appointed to minister for them, or who are appointed to be ministering spirits for them; for they shall be heirs of salvation.Joseph Fielding Smith
Yet, through his abundant mercy, the Lord will do for all the best that can be done, and therefore he will give to all a place somewhere--if not within the gates of the Holy City, then it must be on the outside-- where those who are not entitled to the fulness of blessings may be ministered to by those who have greater glory. For we read also here in this vision, where the glories are spoken of, that those who dwell in the celestial kingdom shall minister unto those of the terrestrial kingdom; those in the terrestrial kingdom shall minister to those of the telestial kingdom.
The Son may go to the terrestrial, but they who enter into that kingdom shall not receive the fulness of the Father; they will not see the greatness of his glory. He withholds that from them. They never come back again into the fulness of his presence. Those who enter into the telestial kingdom will not receive the fulness of the Father or of the Son. They will not visit there but will send messengers to visit the inhabitants of that glory and instruct them.
Those in the
terrestrial kingdom shall visit those in the telestial kingdom, and
those of the celestial shall visit those in the terrestrial kingdom.
Where the Father is these cannot come, for the Lord has said: "Where
God and Christ dwell they cannot come, worlds without end." Yet in this
very same section it is written that notwithstanding this fact, so
great shall be the blessings that come to those who enter there that it
our comprehension. Such is the great mercy of the Lord. He will
endeavor to save all his children and exalt as many as he possibly can.
(Doctrines of Salvation, 2:5-6)
Delbert L. Stapley
Those in this kingdom received not the gospel of Christ nor his testimony, yet did not deny the Holy Spirit. They are thrust down to hell. They will not be redeemed from Satan until the last resurrection, until the Lord, even Christ, the Lamb, shall have finished his work. Those of the telestial glory will not receive the Lord's fullness of the eternal world, but of the Holy Spirit through the ministration of the terrestrial, and the terrestrial through the ministration of the celestial. (See D&C 76:81-87.) [Conference Report, October 1967, p.73]