FDREL 390 R
Winter 2017


Ancient Temples and Temple Texts
Daily Reading Assignment Schedule






Jan 5  Introduction to Course
Inauguaration of Endowment Ceremonies

What is a Temple?  Power Point


Jan 10  Topic:  Common Features in Religions
Reading Assignment:  "Religion" in The Encyclopedia of Religion, (16 Vols., Gen. Ed. Mircea Eliade, 1987), 12:282-292. NOTE:  You do not need to read the whole article.  Read all areas marked with solid red line. Skim through areas with dashed red line.  If no line, do not need to read.  
Write-up -- To help you glean important points relative to this course, answer the following questions drawn from the assigned reading (questions come from readings marked with solid red line):
1. List various problems westernism creates in defining religion.
2. What are some definitions of religion or religious?
3. What is the relationship between myth and symbol?
4. What impact has religious symbols had on society?
5.  What are the two aspects of salvation?
6.  Common to many religions is sacred space.  What are common physical actions required of those who enter sacred space?
7.  What are some ways that grades of sacredness are represented?
8.  In the final analysis, what makes a place sacred?
9.  What are some of the prominent features of rituals?


General Typologies of Temple

Jan 12  TOPIC: The Sacred and the Profane
This reading assignment is to introduce you to four terms we will use throughout this course.
  • Write-up: The main object of this assignment is familiarize yourself with these very important terms we will use throughout this course.  To help you, you may want to consider looking for and answering the following questions:  [1] Sacred and Profane--what is the difference between the sacred and profane space?  [2]  Sacred Space--what is sacred space? How is sacred space established?  What is the function of sacred space?   [3] Hierophany--answer the following:  How is Hierophany defined? What forms can it be found in?  What is Theophany?  What is Kratophany?  How are these terms related to Hierophany?  How does hierophany impact space and time?  How do you see hierophany related to the concept of temple?   [4] Axis Mundi--What is axis mudi?  How is the term used in religious discussions?  What are common objects that can serve as the representation of axis mundi


For Further Study

Jan 17   Topic: Common Features in Temple Worship continued
Reading Assignment:  John M. Lundquist, "What Is a Temple? A Preliminary Typology,"  in Temples of the Ancient World, ed. Donald W. Parry (1994), pp. 83-117.

Write-up
: List each of the 15 proposition including a brief description of each.


A Common Language in Discussing Temples.
John M. Lundquist: Temple Typology  Power Point


Jan 19    NO ASSIGNMENT--Continued discussion of Temple Typologies



Typology of Mountain

Jan  24  TOPIC:  Typology of Mountain
Class Preparation Reading: "Mountains" in  "Encycolpedia of Religion, 2nd Ed. [2005]  Vol 9:6212-6215.   No write-up: role will be sent around for you to report whether you did or did not to the reading.

For Further Study
Jan  26    NO ASSIGNMENT

Jan  31  NO ASSIGNMENT  
Come prepared to tell me what TYPOLOGY you would like to pursuit for the Typology Paper due at the end of the course. If you are interested in eastern Religions you may want to look at the article found immediately below.  It is an article by John Lundquist that we will read later in the semester.  It adds some very interesting TYPOLOGIES to consider.

This will be assigned later in the course, but in this article Lundquist adds a few typologies of great interest. John M. Lundquist, "Fundamentals of Temple Ideology From Eastern Traditions," in Revelation, Reason, and Faith: Essays in Honor of Truman G. Madsen, Ed. Donald W. Parry, Daniel C. Peterson, and Stephen D. Ricks, (2002).

Feb 2  TOPIC: Typology of Mountain
Class Preparation Reading: "Temple and Mountain," in The Symbolism of the Biblical World: Ancient Near Eastern Iconography and the Book of Psalms (1997), pp. 113-120

For Further Study



Typologies of Water and Tree
Feb 7 TOPIC: Typology/Pattern: Water and Tree
Class Preparation:   Water   and   Tree  in Encyclopedia of Religion.  Instructions: Read the areas marked with solid read line. Skim through areas marked with dashes.  
Water and Tree Power Point

For Further Study
Feb 9  No assignment  We will continue discussion of previous typologies

Feb 14 Mesoamerican Temples
Class Preparation:  Gary M. Feinman, "Mesoamerican Temples," in Michael V. Fox (Ed.) Temple in Society, 1988), pp. 67-82

Maya City Planning and Temple Architecture  From Linda Shcele and Peter Mathews, The Code of Kings (1998), pp. 23-48

Feb 16   NO ASSIGNMENT

Feb 21 Mesoamerican Temples
In this assignment, you are going to see two different interpretations of the tree typology concerning Hanab-Pakal's Tomb

Class Preparation
: [1]  Linda Schele and Peter Matthews, "Palenque: Hanab-Pakal's Tomb," in
The Code of the Kings (1998), pp. 95-125. [2] Watch the following:  National Geographic Live! Palenque and the Ancient May World  YouTube

WRITE-UP with this assignment: Compare the interpretations of reading and national geographic


For Further Study
  • Linda Schele and Peter Matthews, "Pyramid-Mountains and Plaza-Seas," in The Code of the Kings (1998), pp. 13-61.(Discusses both Symbolism of architecture and sculpture.)
  • Allen J. Christenson, "The World Tree and Maya Theology," in The Tree of Life: From Eden to Eternity, Ed.s John W. Welch and Donald W. Parry (Neal A. Maxwell Institute for Religious Scholarship, Provo, Utah, 2011), pp. 151-170.

Feb 23   Typology/Pattern: Mountain, Water, Trees, Ritual, Architecture---With Temple Texts

Class Preparation: "Ugarit," from The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, 5 vols. (1961), 4:724-730. Instructions: This article will aquaint you with the ancient Canaanite city of Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra, Syria) on the northern sea coast of modern Syria. It will tell you about the archaeological excavations, history, and records of Ugarit which proved to be an extremely important archaeological find, particularly for Biblical studies as the mythological beliefs of peoples who lived in the same general region--though further north--as that ancient Canaanites who inhabitated what became known as the promised land.  On the PDF version that you should read, I have marked in blue the portions you should read with a solid line and portions to skim through with a series of dashes.  I have underlined and asterisked (*) in red items of extreme importance that you should note more careflully.  So read carefully the material after a red underline.   READING ONLY--- NO WRITE-UP

POWER POINT  --  Ugarit

For Further Study

Two temples were found at Ugarit, one to Baal and one to Dagan.  But Dagan plays no role in the ancient mythological texts found in the buildings between the temples.  In the texts, El, who is said to be Baal's father, plays a major role.  The following articles try to tackle this problem.

Feb 28 Typology/Pattern: Mountains, Water, Trees, Ritual, 
Class Preparation: Bruce Satterfield, "The Nature of the Struggle Between the Israelite and Canaanite Religions"

POWER POINT  --  Ugarit

The Epic of Ba'al--Ugarit Mythological Text

For Further Study

Typologies of Cave and Labyrinth


Mar 2   Eastern Temple Typology

Class Preparation: John M. Lundquist, "Fundamentals of Temple Ideology From Eastern Traditions," in Revelation, Reason, and Faith: Essays in Honor of Truman G. Madsen, Ed. Donald W. Parry, Daniel C. Peterson, and Stephen D. Ricks, (2002).   NOTE: This reading wil be completed in two-parts. Do pages 653 to the end.

Caves  Power Point
Labyrinth Power Point

Video  Borobudur  (Worldsiteguides.com)
Video Borobudur Temple Aerial Videolgraphy Dron Dji
Video Prambanan  (Worldsiteguides.com)

For Further Study


Mar 7   Eastern Temple Typology

Class Preparation: John M. Lundquist, "Fundamentals of Temple Ideology From Eastern Traditions," in Revelation, Reason, and Faith: Essays in Honor of Truman G. Madsen, Ed. Donald W. Parry, Daniel C. Peterson, and Stephen D. Ricks, (2002).   NOTE: This reading wil be completed in two-parts. Do pages 651-673 (up to but not including the sub-heading, "The Sacred Mountain/Mound Complex").



Mar 9  Egyptian Temple Building

Class Preparation:  "Buildings fit for Gods" and "Worlds within Worlds" from Rirchard H. Wilkinson, The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt, (2000), pp.34-47, 49-71.

Mar 14  NO ASSIGNMENT DUE


Mar 16  Egyptian Temples
Class Preparation: "Other Temple Structures," and "Temple Symbolism,"  from Rirchard H. Wilkinson, The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt, (2000), pp.72-89.

Byron E. Shafer, Sacred Space, Ritual, and Architecture in Ancient Egypt
    

Egyptian Temples Power Point

For Further Study
  • Richard H. Wilkinson, "Old, Middle, and New Kingdom Development and Decline," in The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt (2000), pp.  20-29) 
  • Michael B. Hundley, "Egyptian Temples," in Gods in Dwellings: Temples and Divine Presence in the Ancient Near East (Society of Biblical Literature, 2013), pp. 17-48. Abreviations used in Gods in Dwellings book.   (NOTE:  This chapter essentially deals with the structure of ancient Egyptian temples and the idelogy behind the purpose of temples from and E;gyptian perspective.
  • John Baines, "Palaces and Temples of Ancient Egypt," in J.M. Sassons, ed., Civilizations of the Ancient Near East., 2 vols. Peabody, MA:Hendrickson, 2000.  Photocopy is not very good.  Will redo this next week.
Mar 21  Egyptian Gods and Worship of the Gods
Class Preparation:  "The Egyptian Gods and their Cults, from Rirchard H. Wilkinson, The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt, (2000), pp.82-85; and "Rule of the Gods," and "Forms of the Divine," "Manifestations of the Gods," and "Care of the Gods," "Popular Religion and Piety," in The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt [2003], pp.16-19, 25-35, 40-49.

Egyptian Art and Architecture -  Online digitalegypt


For Further Study

  • Michael B. Hundley, "Divine Presence in Egyptian Temples," in Gods in Dwellings: Temples and Divine Presence in the Ancient Near East (Society of Biblical Literature, 2013), pp. 17-48. Abreviations used in Gods in Dwellings book (This continues the thought of Hundley in The Further Study of the previous reading assignment.)

Mar 23    Role of the King in Egyptian Temples

Class Preparation:  "The Role of the King," and "Temple Feasts and Festivals," from Rirchard H. Wilkinson, The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt, (2000), pp.76-89, 95-99; and Rirchard H. Wilkinson, "Between Gods and Men," and "Deceased and Divine," in The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt (2003),  pp. 54-63.

The Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

For Further Study 
  • Othmar Keel, "The Enthronement," section 2, of Chapter V: The King in The Symbolism of the Biblical World: Ancient Near Eastern Iconography and the Book of Psalms [1997] pages 256-268. NOTE: In this PDF I have included section 1, 2, and 3. What is required is Section 2. The other two sections are not but have been included because of there relationship to No 2.and are very interesting.  Section 1. is "The Birth and Infancy of the King." Section 3. is "The King as Temple Builder and Priest."  YOU ARE MORE THAN WELCOME TO DO A WRITE-UP ON 1 and 3 AS WELL.
  • Stephen D. Ricks, "King, Coronation, and Covenant in Mosiah 1-6," in Ed. John W. Welch and Stephen D. Ricks, King Benjamin's Speech (F.A.R.MS., 1999), pp. 175-200.
A classic book on the subject of Kingship including coronation, etc., is  Henri Frankfort, Kingship and the Gods: A Study of Ancient Near Easter Religion as the Intergration of Society and Culture (1948).  The following are chapters from that book and found on google books.
 
  • Henri Frankfort, "The Coronation," in Kingship and the Gods (1948),  pp. 105-109  (you will have to scroll to the right page no.)


Mar 28  Coronation of Kings
No reading assignment
Mar 28  Temple in Scripture
No reading assignment
Mar 28   Temple in Scripture
No reading assignment
Apr 4   Temple in Scripture
No reading assignment

Apr 7    Both Papers and For Further Studies Due no later than 2 PM
To my office (Taylor 216) in a box by door in the hallway




Apr






For Further Study 

A classic book on the subject of Kingship including coronation, etc., is  Henri Frankfort, Kingship and the Gods: A Study of Ancient Near Easter Religion as the Intergration of Society and Culture (1948).  The following are chapters from that book and found on google books.
 


BELOW IS NOT UPDATED FOR WINTER 2017

Jun  22  Kings, Coronation and Temples
Class Preparation: Stephen D. Ricks and John J. Sroka, "King, Coronation, and Temple: Enthronement Ceremonies in History," in Temples of the Ancient World, (ed. by Donald W. Parry, 1994),  pp. 236- 271.  List of Abreviations that may be used in the notes of this article.

For Further Study 

  • Othmar Keel, "The Enthronement," section 2, of Chapter V: The King in The Symbolism of the Biblical World: Ancient Near Eastern Iconography and the Book of Psalms [1997] pages 256-268. NOTE: In this PDF I have included section 1, 2, and 3. What is required is Section 2. The other two sections are not but have been included because of there relationship to No 2.and are very interesting.  Section 1. is "The Birth and Infancy of the King." Section 3. is "The King as Temple Builder and Priest."  YOU ARE MORE THAN WELCOME TO DO A WRITE-UP ON 1 and 3 AS WELL.
  • Stephen D. Ricks, "King, Coronation, and Covenant in Mosiah 1-6," in Ed. John W. Welch and Stephen D. Ricks, King Benjamin's Speech (F.A.R.MS., 1999), pp. 175-200.
A classic book on the subject of Kingship including coronation, etc., is  Henri Frankfort, Kingship and the Gods: A Study of Ancient Near Easter Religion as the Intergration of Society and Culture (1948).  The following are chapters from that book and found on google books.
 
  • Henri Frankfort, "The Coronation," in Kingship and the Gods (1948),  pp. 105-109  (you will have to scroll to the right page no.)
  

Jun  27  No assignment
Time for work on papers and write-ups for For Further Study articles.

Temple Worship is the Scriptures Power Point


For Further Studies:



Jun  29


Jul   4  NO CLASS  


Jul   6   Mt. Sinai and the Tabernacle of Moses
No reading assignment

The Taberncale of Moses


For Further Studies:


Jul  11  The Temple of Solomon
Reading Assignment: "Come Near unto Me:: Guarded Space and Its Mediators in Jerusalem Temple"

Old Testament Jerusalem
For Further Studies:



Jul  13  Solomonic Temple continued

Face-to-Face With God  Power Point

For Further Studies


Jul  18  Temple of Herod


For Further Studies


Jul 20   All write-ups (articles, the two papers (What is a Temple? and Typology Paper) are due to my office (Taylor 216) in a box next to my office door no later than  3 PM (Obviousely, this means you can turn them in earlier than this date.)