Hort 336
Asian Design Influence Terminology and information links


Ikebana International Headquarters has this web site:


Ikebana International, San Francisco Chapter:


The Ohara School of Ikebana:


The Ohara School of Ikebana, San Diego Chapter:


An interesting twist, this, a link to the European Ohara Teachers Association:


The Sogetsu Ikebana School:


Sogetsu Washington DC branch:


Sogetsu North America:


watch Kadouenshu Ryu design being created on uTUBE (8:34) Be careful, there are several additonal videos on Ikebana--make sure you have something to drink and snack on; it may take you away for awhile if you aren't aware of the time...


Check out this unique flower shop in New Hampshire, USA


This is the Wafu School of Ikebana web page:


You may want to review some of Chihuly's ikebana-inspired glass work


and another site dedicated to things Chihuly:


The Japanese Garden Influence is felt across North America. Below are several sites that will help you enjoy the influence, and the many places you may go to see it.

This is a link to the Japanese Friendship Garden, San Diego (near Balboa Park)


Other Japanese garden links:

Portland, OR (the best I have seen) http://www.japanesegarden.com/

 Here is a page that ranks the best Japanese gardens (outside of Japan):


And here is a fabulous link with from Bowdoin College's web site, all about Japanese Gardens:


This is an online store with many Japanese products. Please to follow the link to garden and flowers, where you will find many Ikebana information:



Hort 336    Asian Floral Design
List of terminology (Japanese) from various schools of thought:

Ikebana  (Ee-kay-bah-nah)  The art of flower arrangement.

Ikenobo  (Ee-kay-no-bo) The original 7th century school of flower arrangement founded by Ono-no-Imoko, "The priest by the lake."  Now the term generally applied to all classic style arrangements.

Kakemono  (Kah-kay-mo-no)  A scroll painting.

Kenzan  (ken-zan)  A needlepoint flower holder.

Komi (Ko-mee)  The crosspiece used with a Kubari to hold flowers in place in a vase.

Kubari  (Kuh-bah-ree) A Y-shaped piece of wood, which when fitted inside the neck of a vase serves as a flower holder.

Moribana  (Mor-ee-bah-nah)  Meaning "mounds of flowers" of two kinds, naturalistic landscapes or colorful flowers.  Ikebana made in a flat vase or, low bowl, and held in place with a holder.

In (een) Female style with the earth branch to the right.

Yo (yoh) Male style with the earth branch to the left.

Nageire  (Nah-gay-ee-ray)  "Thrown-in" style of arrangement.  Ikebana made in a tall vase without any holder, but often using Kubari etc. for support.

Rikka (Rik-kah) Ancient temple art of flower arrangement.  Most classical style of flower arrangement, highly stylized and dictated by rigid rules and aesthetics.

Seika  (Say-ee-kah)  A name for the classic Ikenobo type of arrangement.  With detailed restrictions and rules.  (Often associated with the three stem placement representing heaven, man, and earth.  In the Ikenobo School, it is called Shoka).

Shin-no-hana  (Shin-no-hah-nah)  The very first type of Japanese altar flower arrangement.  Sixth century.

Tokonoma (To-ko-noh-mah) The alcove in the Japanese home in which are placed a hanging scroll, a flower arrangement, and often a work of art.

Cha-bana Tea ceremony arrangement, originated by a master of tea ceremony.  The beauty of simplicity is the main theme in this Ikebana.

Heika  (Hay-ee-kah)  Synonym for Nageire.  This term is used for a tall-vase arrangement in the Ohara School.

Kare-mono (Kar-ay-moan-oh)  Materials dried by natural or artificial methods.

Kusamono (Koo-sah-moan-oh) All kinds of grass material.

Mizu-mono (Me-tsue-moan-oh) Water plants or arrangement with water plants.

Morimono (More-ee-moan-oh) Arrangement of things other than flowers, such as fruit or vegetables.

Shohin-bana  (Show-heen-bahna) Small arrangement.

Suiban  (Sue-ee-ban) Flat container usually used for Moribana, occasionally used for Seika.

Tsubo  (Tsue-bow)  Tall vase used for Nageire.

Shin (Sheen)  The tail or "heaven" line in classic arrangement.  (A)

Soe (So-aye)  The middle or "man" line in classic arrangement.  (B)

Tai  (Tay-ee)  The lowest or "earth" line in classic arrangement. (C)

Shin, Soe, Hikae   Terms for the three principal stems in the Sogetsu School corresponding respectively to A,B and C stems referred to above.

Shin, Soe, Tai Terms for the three principal stems in the Ikenobo School corresponding respectively to the A,B, and C stems referred to above.

Shu, Fuku, Kyaku  Terms for the three principal stems in the Ohara corresponding respectively to the A,B, and C stems referred to above.

This list is an attempt to help the western designer begin to understand the complexity and simplicity of Oriental design techniques.  There are many terms that have not been included here, but the list is considered a broad sampling of a variety of terms and ideas for use as a reference point for the beginning student.
[copyright 1999 2000 bkjalabb]


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